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Xanax may affect Asian populations more than white populations.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the effects of benzodiazepines. The sedative effects of Xanax may last longer in older adults. Accidental falls are common in elderly patients who take benzodiazepines. Use caution to avoid falling or accidental injury while you are taking Xanax.
According to the Treatment Episode Data Set, the number of individuals seeking treatment for benzodiazepine abuse almost tripled from. Long-term abuse and addiction to Xanax are associated with depression, psychotic experiences, and aggressive or impulsive behavior.
Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by unrealistic or excessive anxiety and worry about two or more life circumstances, for a period of 6 months or longer, during which the person has been bothered more days than not by these concerns.
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Symptoms of a Xanax overdose include tiredness, confusion, impaired coordination, diminished reflexes, and coma. Death has been reported in association with overdoses of Xanax by itself, as it has with other benzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines act on the brain and central nervous system to produce a calming effect.
This list is not complete, and other drugs may interact with Xanax. l your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, OTC, vitamin, and herbal products.
Do not drink alcohol while taking Xanax. Xanax can increase the effects of alcohol.
You should not take Xanax if you:
In certain individuals, the body handles Xanax differently, these include:
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If an overdose of Xanax occurs, call your doctor or 911. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at.
The following drugs may increase the effects of Xanax:
Patients should be advised that if they become pregnant during therapy or intend to become pregnant, they should l their doctor.
Xanax is also indicated for the treatment of panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, and may reduce the number of panic attacks experienced.
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The dosage of Xanax may be increased gradually until the drug works effectively for the patient. The instructions of a doctor should be closely followed to reduce the risk of side effects.
The number of emergency department visits involving the non-medical use of the sedative Xanax doubled from 57,419 to 124,902 during the years 2005 to 2010 and then remained stable at 123,744 in 2011.
If this medication has regularly been used for a long time or in high doses, withdrawal symptoms (such as seizures) can occur if usage is suddenly stopped. To prevent these reactions, the doctor may reduce the dosage of Xanax gradually.
Xanax slows down the movement of brain chemicals that may have become unbalanced, resulting in a reduction in nervous tension and anxiety. Xanax works by boosting the effects of a natural chemical made in the brain called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
Xanax (alprazolam) is an anti-anxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family, the same family that includes diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), flurazepam (Dalmane), and others.
Do not use Xanax if you are pregnant. Benzodiazepines can potentially cause harm to the fetus. Xanax increases the risk of congenital abnormalities when given to a pregnant woman during the first trimester.
Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Thu 7 December 2017. Visit our Anxiety / Stress category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Anxiety / Stress. All references are available in the References tab.
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Do not crush, chew, or break a Xanax extended-release tablet. Swallow the tablet whole. It is specially made to release medicine slowly in the body. Breaking the tablet would cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.
Jones, J. D., Mogali, S., & Comer, S. D. (2012, September 1). Polydrug abuse: a review of opioid and benzodiazepine combination use. Drug and alcohol dependence, 125 (1-2), 8-18. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3454351/
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Xanax is available in doses of:
Xanax is often abused for the fast-acting, relaxed "high" it can give to people who take it, including people without a prescription.
Do not share your medicine with other people. It may not be suitable for them and may harm them.
If you miss a dose of Xanax, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
A child born of a mother who is taking benzodiazepines may be at risk of withdrawal symptoms from the drug. Also, respiratory problems have been reported in children born to mothers who have been taking benzodiazepines.
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The TEDS report: Admissions reporting Benzodiazepine and narcotic pain reliever abuse at treatment entry. (2012, December 13). Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/BenzodiazepineAndNarcoticPainRelieverAbuse/BenzodiazepineAndNarcoticPainRelieverAbuse/BenzodiazepineAndNarcoticPainRelieverAbuse.htm.
MLA Nichols, Hannah. "What you need to know about Xanax." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 7 Dec. 2017. Web. 19 Sep. 2018. < /articles/263490.php>
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Inform your doctor if you have asthma or other breathing problems, glaucoma, kidney, or liver diseases, history of alcoholism or depression, suicidal thoughts, or an addiction to drugs or alcohol.
Side effects are often observed at the beginning of therapy and usually disappear upon continued use of medication. Possible side effects of Xanax include:
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In this article, we will explain why Xanax is used, potential side effects, and relevant warnings.
Xanax works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain and was approved by the FDA in October 1981.
Xanax concentrations may be reduced up to 50 percent in smokers, compared with nonsmokers.
Xanax should be taken by mouth as directed by a doctor. Dosage is based on the following factors:
It is important to taper off Xanax gradually; otherwise, there is a risk of benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome.
Xanax is a safe and effective medication when used as directed.
Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
Drug-related hospital emergency room visits. (2011, May). Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/drug-related-hospital-emergency-room-visits.
As with other psychotropic medications, there are precautions when giving the drug to severely depressed patients or those who may have suicidal thoughts.
Xanax should be stored at controlled room temperature 20-25°C.
Episodes of hypomania and mania have been reported in association with the use of Xanax in patients with depression.
Seek emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Xanax: hives, difficulty breathing, and swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Xanax is used to manage anxiety disorder or the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment.
For all users of Xanax:
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Studies of benzodiazepines other than Xanax suggest a possible drug interaction with the following drugs:
Use of Xanax during the first trimester of pregnancy should usually be avoided.
At least six of the following symptoms are often present in these patients:
APA Nichols, H. (2017, December 7). "What you need to know about Xanax." Medical News Today. Retrieved from /articles/263490.php.
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It is thought that Xanax is excreted in human milk. As a general rule, mothers who must use Xanax should not breast-feed.
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Panic disorder is characterized by regular panic attacks. Panic attacks are relatively short periods of intense fear or discomfort where four or more of the following symptoms develop all of a sudden and reach a peak within 10 minutes:
Do not start a new medication without ling your doctor.
Gender does not effect the body's response to Xanax.
Other possible negative drug interactions include:
Benzodiazepines, including Xanax, produce extra depressant effects on the central nervous system (CNS) when taken with:
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, in 2011, there were over 1.2 million emergency department (ER) visits overall related to the nonmedical use of prescription drugs - Xanax was involved in 10 percent of those visits.
To discontinue treatment of Xanax, the dosage should be reduced and tapered slowly. It is suggested that the daily dosage of Xanax be decreased by no more than 0.5 milligrams every 3 days. Reported withdrawal symptoms include:
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The above is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call a doctor for medical advice about side effects. Side effects can be reported to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Xanax has not been studied in children.
To ensure safe and effective use of benzodiazepines, all patients prescribed with Xanax will be provided with the following guidance:
Xanax comes as a tablet, an extended-release tablet, an orally disintegrating tablet (tablet that dissolves quickly in the mouth), and a concentrated solution (liquid) to take by mouth.Xanax